Your rights in case of arrest or detention
In case you are arrested or detained by members of the Interior
You may require a call to the police station a consul or other authorized representative of your country, that is to contact the embassy of your country for help. If in the area where you have been detained or arrested, there is no consulate or other diplomatic representative of your country and you can not invite the consul, then you have the right to ask about your detention reported to the embassy or consulate of your country.
In case you are arrested or detained MUP You should know that they have no right to search you on the street. They should take you to the police station and searched in the presence of two witnesses. If you seize valuable items, their description must be specified in the protocol, signed by two witnesses. If you are a woman, the search should produce only female staff.
Interior Ministry officials have no right to take proceedings, threatening your life, health, dignity and property (that is, to use physical violence to you and your property).
Attention! The Russian legislation does not provide the article, which requires constantly carry a passport and a document proving your identity. However, a police officer has the right to verify your identity document, if there are reasonable grounds to suspect you of committing a crime or believe you are in search, there is a reason for instituting against you in an administrative case. If you do not carry your documents or documents not in order, the police have the right to take you to the nearest police station.
We recommend that you make photocopies of all your documents and store them in a safe place, because in some cases, the presence of photocopies simplifies the process of hearing.
You should be given an opportunity to inform relatives or friends about your arrest. In addition, you are entitled to a lawyer (defender) from the time of arrest (Part 2 of Art. 48 of the Constitution).
After 3 hours from the moment of detention specified in the protocol, the police officer must either release you or to show the appropriate grounds for further detention. The time of your arrest will be reflected in the minutes of the arrest, the police officer who is obliged to make. The protocol should also state the reasons for your detention.
Attention! You have the right to require preparation of a protocol and amendments to specify an exact time of your arrest immediately after the arrival of the police department, as often for various reasons do not specify the exact time of his arrest, which increases the duration of your detention. You should sign the protocol only after you have carefully read and accepted it with all the items. If you do not agree with the motives or the time of detention specified in the protocol, or if you have some other claim, you may note in the record of his observations.
You can appeal the unlawful acts committed against you in the Interior Ministry employee, in the following instances:
• the parent Ministry of Internal Affairs;
• to manage their own security MIA;
• the court.
Moreover, you can seek help from an NGO or a legal advice that will help you in drafting a complaint or claim in court and explain in detail your rights to you. Regardless of whether legally or illegally you are staying in Russia, in case you are arrested or detained you have all the rights listed above, as they are guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation. In practice, however your rights are not always implemented, it is recommend that you try to avoid situations that could result in your conflict with the law and the interference of the
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